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Welcome to Nepal for Adventure tour and trekking holidays in the Himalaya.

Nepal, home to Mount Everest, is dominated by the world's most imposing mountains. Although the country is relatively small (147,181 square kilometers), 80 percent of its territory is occupied by the dramatic peaks of the Himalayas. Nepal was closed to foreign visitors until 1951, a situation which contributed greatly to its mystique in the west. This small, hospitable country has since become an exceptionally popular destination for travelers, whether they are in search of climbing challenges or spiritual enlightenment.


Nepal can be divided into three geographical regions, each stretching from east to west across the country. The southernmost strip of land, the Terai, is bordered to the north by Himalayan foothills and to the south by the Ganges River. The area was originally covered with tropical vegetation, but has been almost completely converted to agricultural production. The Terai is now the breadbasket of Nepal and is covered with farms.


The central section of Nepal is formed by the Mahabharat Chain, a range of mountains that reach modest altitudes of 2,000-3,000 meters. Farming has become an important activity in the area; terraced farms produce rice, corn and wheat. The Kathmandu Valley, a stretch of green in the middle of the Mahabbarat, is home to Nepal's capital and other historic cities.


The Himalayas stretch across the northern section of Nepal. Eight of the ten highest peaks in the world are located here, and most are covered with permanent snowfields. The area is sparsely populated, with little vegetation above the tree-line (4,200 meters).


The climate varies considerably with elevation. May to October is monsoon season, when rain soaks the Terai and snow falls on the Himalayan peaks. Mid-October to mid-December is prime mountaineering weather: the skies are clear and sunny, temperatures range from warm in the lowlands to crisp in the mountains. March and April are also good months for mountain treks, although temperatures in Kathmandu and the Terai tend to be steamy.

  • Geography:
  • A landlocked country the size of Arkansas, lying between India and the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China, Nepal contains Mount Everest (29,035 ft; 8,850 m), the tallest mountain in the world. Along its southern border, Nepal has a strip of level land that is partly forested, partly cultivated. North of that is the slope of the main section of the Himalayan range, including Everest and many other peaks higher than 8,000 m.

  • The People:
  • The population of Nepal was recorded to be about 26.62 million according to a recent survey done by the Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal. The population comprises of about a 101 ethnic groups speaking over 92 languages. The distinction in caste and ethnicity is understood more easily with a view of customary layout of the population.Though, there exist numerous dialects, the language of unification is the national language, Nepali. Nepali is the official language of the state, spoken and understood by majority of the population. Multiple ethnic groups have their own mother tongues. English is spoken by many in Government and business offices. It is the mode of education in most private schools of Kathmandu and some other cities.
  • Flora and Fauna:
  • Nowhere else in the world does the landscape change so greatly over so short a distance as in Nepal, from the mountain areas of the Himalaya, down through lush valleys and into the tropical plains of south. …the flora and fauna much of it indigenous, is remarkably diverse for such a small area (95). Eleven of the World's 15 families of butterflies are represented in Nepal and 614 species have been identified. Nepal's National Park in Terai is habitat for endangered species like Bengal Tiger, Great One-Horned Rhino, Gaur; whereas the Himalayan National Parks are the habitat for Musk Deer, Snow Leopard, Red Panda and more.

  • Art and Architecture:
  • The recorded history of Nepal begins since the 5th century AD. Innumerable historical sites, cities and monuments across the length and breadth of the country are there to testify the country’s rich cultural past. There are also some museums where you can find cultures on display under a single roof that date back to thousands of years. The art of painting especially, best reflects the pure abundance of scenic natural landscapes and contemporary symbolic and non-symbolic compositions of Nepal. A visit to the art galleries of Kathmandu is a pleasurable and rewarding experience.

    Kathmandu Valley is not only the political and commercial centre of Nepal, but also a historic and cultural site that preserves ancient arts, architecture and cultural lifestyle. The Durbar Square areas contain countless temples and architectural showpieces. On most streets of the old city, narrow alleyways overflow with spices, vegetables and handicraft shops. Nepalis have a rich culture and a systematic calendar for rituals, ceremonies and festivals. Especially, Kathamandu Valley is famous for its Jatras or Festivals since the earliest history. It wouldn't be off the mark to say that the distinct festivals of Nepal give a new dimension to Hindu & Buddhist religions.


  • Festivals:
  • Nepal is a land of Festivals. For the Nepalese, festivals are not merely the annual spectacles, but also are a living part of their rich cultural heritage. Festivals effectively bind together the Nepalese people of diverse cultural backgrounds and beliefs into one nation. There are more than 50 major festivals in a year celebrated by Nepalese. Although most of these festivals are religious some have historical significance, while others are seasonal celebrations. Most Nepalese festivals are related to different Hindu and Buddhist gods and goddesses and they are celebrated on such days consecrated for them by religion and tradition. There are also some festivals which are observed in honor of personal relatives such as festival of Matatirtha (for mothers), Gokarna Ausi (for fathers), Gaijatra (for the ones who are passed away). Some festivals are of national significance such as Dashain, a celebration of Goddess Bhagabati's victory over evil Mahisashur, and Tihar, a celebration of lights dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi, and some are confined to the Katmandu Valley, while still others are celebrated only within one or two villages or cities. The dates of most festivals are fixed by famous astrologers after consulting the lunar calendar in Nepal.

  • Religion:
  • The Republican of Nepal covers an area of 147, 181 square kilometers, and stretches 145-241 kilometers north to south and 850 kilometers west to east. The country is located between India in the south and China in the north. At latitudes 26 and 30 degrees north and longitudes 80 and 88 degrees east, Nepal is topographically divided into three regions.
  • Important Information to Visitors:
    1) People of these countries do not get visa on arrival at the immigration entry points of Nepal:- Nigeria, Ghana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Cameroon, Somalia, Liberia, Ethiopia, Iraq, Palestine, Afghanistan.
    2) All foreign visitors are requested to be mindful of the date of Nepalese visa and their passport number to avoid possible problems. As such, you are requested to apply for visa extension, if you wish so, apply within the valid period of Nepalese visa.
    3) You are requested to get the arrival/departure stamps on your passport at the entry /exit points to avoid further legal complications.
    4) Living in Nepal without passport or a valid visa is a punishable offense.
    5) Deviation from the prescribed routes mentioned in the trekking permit will be treated as the violation of the law.
    6) You are advised to be aware of brokers/cheaters or any counterfeit documents of visa/trekking permit to avoid legal complications.
    7) Change of purpose of stay without permission is not allowed and employment or voluntary services while on a tourist visa is strictly prohibited. It will be a punishable offense.
    8) Be sure to register at the police and Immigration check point along the trial. It will be wise for to register your trekking destination and schedule at your Embassy or Consulate.
    9) If you encounter problems along the trails, inform immediately to the nearest police or Immigration post.
    10) You are requested to change money with recognized dealers and do not forget to take formal receipts.
    11) You are requested to inform the Immigration Office or Police Station for any changes in your address previously given in the visa application form.
    12) You are advised to be mindful to contact the Dept. of Immigration for visa transfer in case of getting new passport or travel document from your embassy.
    13) Passport and trekking permits should be kept by the trekkers while trekking.
    14) Filming in restricted areas or notified areas without permission is strictly prohibited.
    15) Please don't take out the visa stickers from your passport and do not try to change records printed in your passport.
  • 16) We request for your co-operation to observe the following guidelines during your stay in Nepal. Respect local traditions, customs, values and sentiments, help to protect local culture and maintain local pride.
  • a) Respect privacy while taking photographs.
    b) Respect holy places.
    c) Refrain from giving money to the children since it will encourage begging.
    d) Respect for local etiquette earns you respects.
    17) If you make change in your address of residence mentioned in the visa application form or disembarkation card, must furnish to the Immigration Department, Immigration Offices or local police offices with a notice containing name, passport number and new address as well within seven days.
    18) If your stay period as a tourist is more than 120 days in one visa year and wish to visit other places for spending more than 24 hours, you have to register in the local police office of such place with your name, passport number and address as well.
  • 19) Let Himalayas change you - Do not change them, so remember, while you are on trekking.
  • a) Leave the camp site cleaner than you have found it.
    b) no open fires.
    c) Burn dry papers and packets in a safe place.
    d) Keep local water clean and avoid using pollutants.
    e) Plants should be left to flourish in their natural environment.
    f) Help your guides and porters to follow conservation measures
  • 20) Protect the natural environment.
  • a) Leave the camp site cleaner than you have found it..
    b) no open fires.
    c) Burn dry papers and packets in a safe place.
    d) Keep local water clean and avoid using pollutants.
    e) Plants should be left to flourish in their natural environment.
    f) Help your guides and porters to follow conservation measures
    21) Information for Indian Citizens
  • To allow Indian citizens to make travel on the basis of the following document:
  • a) Passport, or
    b) Driving license with photograph, or
    c) Identity card with photograph issued by a governmental body, or
    d) Ration card with photograph, or
    e) Voter identity card with photograph, or
    f) Registration certificate issued by the Indian embassy to the Indian citizen staying in Nepal, or
    g) Ad hoc/temporary identity card issued by the Indian embassy to the Indian citizen in the event of exigency, or
    h) Document with photograph and setting out identity, issued by the sub-divisional magistrate or authority there above.
  • Once again, welcome to Nepal, we wish you a memorable holiday in this country, thank you.
  • Do's/ Don'ts
    1) To show gratitude and respect, use both of your hands rather than one when giving or receiving something, even money. It’s seen as a gesture of respect.
  • 2) Remember not to point with a single finger but use a flat extended hand especially to indicate a sacred object or place.
  • 3) Among Hindus, avoid touching women and holy men. In Nepal, people especially women, do not normally shakes hands when they greet one another, but instead press palms together in a prayer-like gesture known "Namaste" greeting is preferable.
  • 4) Don't eat with your left hand. The left hand is for...where the sun never shines.
    5) Never eat beef in front of Hindus & Buddhist because beef is strictly prohibited among both Hindus and Buddhists. Cows are sacred in Nepal.
  • 6) Try not to step over or point your feet at another person, a sacred place or a hearth.
  • 7) Remove your shoes when entering a home, temple or monastery (and leather items in Hindu temples) and avoid smoking and wearing scant dress in religious settings. Remember, some of the temples entrance may be prohibited for non-Hindus.
  • 8) It is better not to touch offerings or persons when they are on way to shrines, especially if you are non-Hindu.
  • 9) Don't offer food to a Nepalese after tasting it, nor eat from a common pot, and avoid touching your lips to a shared drinking vessel.
  • 10) The sight of men holding hands is common, but men and women holding hands, and general acts of affection, are frowned upon. Do not do something that is totally alien to Nepalese culture.
  • 11) Do walk around stupas clockwise, so that the outer walls are always on your right. If you encounter a stone wall covered with Tibetan inscriptions, do the same: Walk past with the wall on your right (and don't take any of the stones).
  • 12) Don't lose your cool. Raising your voice or shouting is seen as extremely bad manners in Nepal too and will only make any problem worse.
  • 13) Do get a receipt of in authenticity when purchasing an antique replica—otherwise, you will not be allowed to take it out of the country. And don't buy ivory or fur from endangered species—your purchases encourage the trade in such illegal goods, and you won't be allowed to bring them back home anyway.
  • 14) Don't give in to children who ask for just one rupee. Although a rupee is a small amount that anyone can spare, successful begging leads young children to drop out of school and take up panhandling as their trade. If you want to help, give to a trustworthy charity or a school.
  • 15) Don't take photographs of locals, holy shrines & temples unless they have clearly given their consent.
  • Title: Nepal Tourism Board
    Nepal Tourism Board is a national organization established in 1998 by an act of Parliament in the form of partnership between the Government of Nepal and private sector tourism industry to develop and market Nepal as an attractive tourist destination. The Board provides platform for vision-drawn leadership for Nepal’s tourism sector by integrating Government commitment with the dynamism of private sector. NTB is promoting Nepal in the domestic and international market and is working toward repositioning the image of the country. It also aims to regulate product development activities. Fund for NTB is collected in the form of Tourist Service Fee from departing foreign passengers at the Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu, thus keeping it financially independent. The Board chaired by the Secretary at the Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation consists of 11 board members with Five Government representatives, five private sector representatives and the Chief Executive Officer.
    URL: www.welcomenepal.com
  • Title: Trekking Agencies' Association of Nepal (TAAN)
    Trekking Agencies' Association of Nepal (TAAN) was formed and registered with the Kathmandu CDO Office in 1979 by a handful of trekking agents who realized that it was time to assemble and create an umbrella organization. Under which they could work together to meet their common goals and also assist the government by providing suggestions to develop trekking business into a revenue generating industry. Such a body was necessary for many reasons. There was a need for a single organization, which could undertake the major responsibilities to develop and promote adventure tourism in the country. The need for a responsible body, which could play a significant and conducive role to mitigate mountain environmental stress, was felt essential.
    URL: www.taan.com
  • Title: Nepal Mountaineering Association
    Nepal Mountaineering Association was established on 1 November 1973 (2030 Kartik 16) Thursday. It is a non-governmental, non-profit and non-political organization working as a national alpine association of Nepal to promote mountain tourism, climbing sports, protect mountain environments and preserve and promote cultural heritage of mountain people. It is the only national alpine club authorized to issue climbing permits for 33 mountain peaks of Nepal.
    URL: www.nepalmountaineering.org
  • Title: Nepal Association of Rafting Agents
    Nepal Association of Rafting Agents was registered (Government Recognized) on 26th December 1989. NARA is an association of all the rafting outfitters of Nepal and is the only one Association where we get all kinds of information about rafting trip in Nepal such as. Rafting information of Nepal, Rafting equipment and the rafting agencies of Nepal.
    URL: www.raftingassociation.org.np
  • Title: Hotel Association Nepal
    Hotel Association Nepal (HAN) as non profit making organization was established in the year 1966, when it had just eight hotels and all of them in Kathmandu itself. In the first ten years of its existence, due to the early stage of the industrial age as well as the membership being extremely homogenous the Hotel Association Nepal was able to make its mark on the governmental regulatory and social up gradation aspects of tourism.
    URL: www.hotelassociationnepal.org
  • Title: Nepal Association of Tour and Trave; Agents (NATTA)
    NATTA was established in1966 (2022/11/27 B.S.) by a group of leading travel agents, who felt that it was the time to work together to formulate sound business principal and to regulate the travel industry in Nepal. The primary purpose of NATTA was to protect the in the interests of those engaged in the travel trade business, to promote its orderly growth and developement, to safeguard the travelling public from exploitation by unreliable agents. NATTA is non-political, non-profit making, non-goverenmental pioneer and national association of travel industry in Nepal. It is recognised as the main representative body of tourism industry in Nepal.
    URL: www.natta.org.np